In recent years, the application of exosomes in regenerative medicine has been growing. Also, many more potential applications of exosomes in regenerative medicine are still being studied.
In this article, you’ll learn the functions of exosomes and up-to-date applications of exosomes in regenerative medicine.
What are exosomes?
Exosomes are tiny vesicles that play a crucial role in cell to cell communication. Every cell in our body produces exosomes, to give information to the neighboring cells or long-distance cells, to change their behavior or to simply share information.
They transfer genetic information, proteins, and receptors, and they are capable of changing the behavior of one cell to the other. They have the ability to increase cell replication and other substances crucial for tissue regeneration.
Functions of exosomes
The major function of exosomes is to improve intercellular communication by releasing effectors and signaling molecules between cells.
Every cell in our body produces exosomes, to give information to the neighboring cells, or long distance cells, to change their behavior or to simply share information.
They transfer genetic information, proteins, and receptors, and are capable of changing the behavior of one cell to the other. They can increase cell replication and other substances crucial for tissue regeneration.
Exosomes affect all aspects of cell biology and are useful for improving intercellular communication.
Various applications of exosomes in regenerative medicine.
Exosomes have various clinical applications due to their high potency, reduced immunogenicity, and ability to cross physiological barriers such as the blood-brain barrier.
In regenerative medicine, exosomes can be used in a point of care environment for a lot of aesthetic and therapeutic purposes.
The Use of Exosomes in Hair therapy
Exosomes can be used in the early stages of hair loss to re-grow and regenerate hair.
The good thing about using exosomes for hair loss is that they can be used in both men and women.
Exosomes can help stimulate hair growth and prevent hair loss. Clinical results have also shown the efficacy of exosomes in alopecia areata.
Exosomes from follicular stem cells are said to inhibit hair loss and promote hair growth.
In the earlier stages of hair loss, hair can be regrown and regenerated in men and women by administering exosomes and growth factors.
After the first round of exosome therapy, noticeable change can be seen in 2 or 3 months but the most significant changes start from 6 to 12 months.
The Use of Exosomes in Skin-Regeneration
There are so many research and clinical trials surrounding the application of exosomes in skin treatment.
The benefits of exosome therapy in skin regeneration because of their ability to directly stimulate target cells, non-immune rejection and high stability.
These are some of the abilities of exosomes in skin regeneration:
- Regulation of inflammation
- Synthesis of collagen
- Angiogenic effect
The Anti-aging effect of exosomes
Exosomes can be used to restore aging tissues of the body due to their outstanding regenerative ability.
Signs of aging manifest due to the skin’s inability to regenerate itself, exosomes can help to maintain the skin’s elasticity and strength.
Exosome therapy is changing the approach to anti-aging treatment. The rejuvenation capability of exosomes is a great way to make your patients feel young again.
It revitalizes senescent cells by repairing damage due to aging.
With exosomes, you are improving longevity by reversing the cells that are dying due to aging.
Exosomes in Pain management
Exosome therapy can be used to relieve pain by subduing pain signals, reducing inflammation and repairing damaged tissues.
The application of Exosome in inflammatory conditions.
Exosomes can decrease inflammation, regenerate cells and modulate the immune system.
Osteoarthritis: MSC-derived exosomes can reduce the joint inflammation in osteoarthritis and also stimulates cartilage regeneration and the repair of damaged tissues.
Tendinitis: Tendinitis is the inflammation of tendons. Exosomes can reduce the inflammation associated with tendinitis and repair torn tendons and muscles.
Due to the potency of exosomes and its paracrine effect, the potential capabilities of exosomes are still being discovered and studied.
At Cellgenic, we prepare easy to transport and administer Lyophilized exosomes, suitable for use in regenerative medicine.